Whether it’s a simple website or a high-end one, developing it is definitely not a cakewalk. A website developer has to work for weeks and sometimes, even months to make sure his or her client is satisfied with the outcome. Now, being a layman, you might wonder, what makes web designing so tedious or complex, right? Well, you cannot claim that there’s just one aspect that makes it complicated; there are several, one of which is Git Commands. Ever heard of them? No? In that case, this article is the apt one for you! Read on!
What are Git Commands?
All kinds if Git Commands are a vital part of the daily programming, especially when you are working with your team. Also, it is widely used in the industry that out-n-out deals with software.
Please Note: Make sure you use G only on the command line; after all, GitLab’s user interface is extremely powerful. But, if you use both GIT and GitLab together, don’t forget to sign in to an account on GitLab.
List of 20 Important Git Commands
There are numerous Git Commands you can use, mastering it can be quite challenging if not difficult, and also time taking. However, to make it a little bit easier for you (if at all you are a budding website developer). So, without wasting any more time, let’s just straight leap onto the 20 most crucial commands that are under GIT. Please take a look.
git –version: GIT is usually pre-installed on Mac and Linux, so there are certain commands that need to be run through amongst which, ‘git–version’ is the first and foremost one. By doing so, you would receive a message that tells you about which GIT version is installed on your computer. In case you don’t receive a “Git version” message, you will need to download it again.
git config: Next you have to configure your Git email address and username since every Git commit will use this piece of information to recognize you as the author.
In the given shell, here’s the command that you need to type in order to add your username- git config –global user.name “YOUR_USERNAME”. And for email id, use this command – git config –global user.email email@example.com.
git init: In case you are willing to initialize an existing local directory for version control, use the command – ‘git init’. Git would automatically begin to track down the directory.
git clone: If you are willing to start working on an existing remote repository (locally), you may consider cloning it by using the command – git clone . You can clone it via HTTPS or SSH.
For instance, if you choose HTTPS, your command would be – git clone https://gitlab.com/gitlab-org/gitlab.git
And, if you choose SSH, your command would be – git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:gitlab-org/gitlab.git
git add: This command helps in adding or updating something important in the working directory to the staging area.
git commit: The ‘git commit’ command is basically used to save all the changes that you have added (git add) to the local repository.
git diff: Now this one is a “multi-used command”. When you execute this command, it runs a diff function on Git data sources; and these data sources can be branches, files, commits, etc.
git reset: This is a very powerful Git command that can undo all the local changes to the state of a Git repo.
git status: Whether you are adding, delete files/folders or making any big or small changes, keeping a track (status) of it is necessary. And, to keep an eye on the status of the changes, all you have to do is type the command – ‘git status’.
git rm: This command is mainly used to remove tracked files from the Git index.
git log: Now this one is the most used command. This helps you take a look at the commit history of your project. So basically, you can check what has happened up to this point.
git show: This is the only Git Command that showcases various types of objects such as – tags, blobs, commits, and trees.
- In case of commits it shows – log message and textual diff. And, it also presents the merged commit in a format as produced by the ‘git diff-tree –cc’.
- In the case of tags, it shows the ‘tag message’ as well as the referenced objects.
- In the case of trees, it shows the names equivalent to the – ‘git ls-tree with –name-only.’
- And last but not the least, for the plain blobs, it shows the basic, plain contents.
git tag: Honestly speaking, tags are the simplest aspect of Git. They allow you, the web developer, to identify certain, specific release versions of your code. You may also consider a tag as a branch that doesn’t change. Once it has been created, it will not be able to change the history of the commits.
git branch: This command is a lightweight movable pointer to one of the commits. Its default branch name in ‘Git is master’. When you start making commits, you will be given a master branch that points to the last commit that you have made.
Whenever you commit, the master branch’s pointer moves forward automatically.
git checkout: The Git command is capable of switching the current active branch and it can also restore files.
git merge: The command gives you the privilege to pick the independent lines of a development created by the git branch and further integrate them into a single branch.
git remote: More than a command this is a backup stored on someone’s computer. Once a Git remote is created, you can use may use popular services like – Github Bitbucket or Gitlab to create a remote repository; and then, link your local repository to the remote repository.
git push: The git command is used to simply upload local repository contents to a remote repository.
git pull: To update the local version of a repository from a remote, you would need this command – ‘git pull’. It a command that prompts network interaction by Git itself.
Additional Info: Git pull does two things –
- It updates the existing/current local working branch.
- It updates the remote-tracking branches for all the other branches.
git stash: When you are willing to record the current state of your working directory as well as the index, yet, you want to go back to a clean working directory, that when you need to use the command – ‘git stash’.
So, folks, these were some of the major Git Commands that you cannot do without if you want to develop a fruitful and super-functional website. For more such blogs, keep following us!